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Androscoggin - History

Androscoggin - History

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(RC: dp. 1,605; lbp. 210'0"; b. 35'2"; dr. 17'6" (mean); s. 13.2
k.; cpl. 44; a. 4 6-pdrs.; cl. Androscoggin)

Androscoggin-a wooden-hulled revenue cutter designed especially for icebreaking duties--was built for the United States Revenue Cutter Service (USRCS) at Tompkins Cove e, N.Y., by Rodermond Brothers; launched on 16 January 1907; sponsored by Miss Emma Frye White; and commissioned on 8 July 1908.

That summer, Androscoggin began operations out of Portland, Maine, her home port for the next seven years. She carried out the work of the USRCS, cruising waters off the northeastern seaboard from Eastport, Maine, to Cape Ann, Mass. Each winter-by virtue of her s pecial construction and her ironstren thened bow-she wouls assist ship s and craft when needed and destroy menaces to navigation in her assigned waters, besides performing icebreaking chores in the ports in her cruising area.

On 11 August 1909, Androscoggin received orders directing her to search for six men on a life raft, the survivors of the Navy tug Nezinscot which had capsized and sunk off Cape Ann on that morning while en route to Boston. Fortunately, all hands were picked up by another ship that first reached the scene of the disaster. Later that year, Androscoggin patrolled the international yacht races at Marblehead, ass., and took part in the Hudson-Fulton celebrations at New York city that September.

On 11 January 1910, while at Portland, Androscoggin received a wireless message to search for the steam lighter Columbia which had departed New York on the day before Christmas of 1909, bound for Port-au-Prince, Haiti, with a crew of 11 men on board. The cutter got underway the following day and traveled 2,399 miles during a fruitless two-week search in which she found no trace of the missing lighter or its 11-man crew. Androscoggin then resumed her duties out of Portland that lasted into the summer, when she temporarily transferred to Washington, D.C. Returning north in November for repairs at the Boston Navy Yard, she remained there into January 1911 and then again took up operations out of Portland.

In the summer, she headed south for repairs at the depot, Arundel Cove, South Baltimore, Md., which lasted into November. Getting underway on the 12th of that month, she headed north for her cruising grounds, but put into the Boston Navy Yard briefly in early December for repairs to her bow sheathing which was damaged when an iron plate wrenched loose on the
morning of 9 December.

Resuming operations out of Portland soon thereafter, the ship engaged in her usual "winter cruising," which included icebreaking. While she was laboring through the heavy ice of Penobscot Bay early in February 1912, the action of the ice and the ship loosened the bow plates. She effected repairs and resumed her labors. Her captain later reported that temp eratures under which she operated averaged 5 to 10 degrees be. low zero.

During the winter of 1912 and 1913, Androscoggin participated in searches for two schooners, Future and Winslow off the Virginia capes in January 1913. Records do not indicate the latter's fate, but the former had foundered on 3 January 1913 with the loss of three of the eight people on board.

On 10 April 1913, the USRCS restricted the operations of its ships since its funds for coal for the remainder of the fiscal year were so low that its ships could cruise "only at such times as may be absolutely necessary to assist vessels in distress." Captains were urged to exercise "the most rigid economy" but to keep "sufficient coal ... on hand at all times to insure the prompt response of the vessel to any call for assistance during this period." tier complement reduced as well, Androscoggin remained inactive through the spring before the fiscal year ended on 30 June 1913 and new appropriations permitted her to resume a more active regimen.

Later that summer, Androscoggin entertained a number of important visitors, beginning with the Honorable William Gibbs McAdoo, the Secretary of the Treasury, who traveled in the ship from Rye, N.Y., to New York City between 15 and 21 August 1913. During that time, she also embarked Colonel Edward M.

House, an influential advisor to President Woodrow Wilson , Salem, Mass., on 17 August, during Secretary McAdoo's cruise. Later, on 1 September 1913, Androscoggin embarked Dr. Constantin Theodor Dumba, the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador to the United States, to witness the international Yacht Races held that year at Marblehead, Mass.

Subsequently ordered to the depot at Arundel Cove, for repairs, Androscoggin arrived there on 13 December 1913 and underwent repairs and alterations for the remainder of the month. Underway on New Year's Day 1914, she ran aground at Cove Point, Md., three days later. Refloated and apparently little damaged, Androscoggin proceeded on to Boston.

On 28 January 1914, the Navy tug Potomac had departed Newport, R.I., to rescue vessels ice-bound off the coast of Newfoundland, but suffered an icing-in herself. Androscoggin departed her station at Portland to report to either Halifax or Sydney, Nova Scotia, "as directed" and to participate in efforts to free the Navy tug. Ultimately, the attempt was given up on 14 February, Potomac abandoned to the ice for the winter inter but salvaged the following spring and returned to service after repairs. Androscoggin subsequently departed Halifax on 16 February.

The cutter spent a little more than the first half of the year 1914 in routine operations highlighted by a ceremonial visit to Gresham. Androscoggin visited Boston in mid-March to take Fart in the yearly Evacuation Day festivities and returned there later that t spring to honor Spanish-American War veterans at Boston on 24 May. Memorial Day saw the ship at Rockland, Maine.

On 21 July, Androscoggin received orders paricipate in ceremonies, to be held by the Maine Historic Society, at Monhegan Bay, Maine, on 5 August. However, before she could take long-simmering tensions in the Balkans fl take part in that event, I a up and touched off the conflagration that escalated into World War 1. Those faraway events affected Androscoggin's immediate future.

The day before the scheduled festivities at Monhegan Island were to commence, the North German Lloyd Line steamship SS Kronprinzessin Cecilie-piloted into port by a banker- whose father owned a summer home in the vicinity since none of the ships officers were familiar with the local waters-stood into the sleepy Maine seaport of Bar Harbor and caused quite a stir amongst the local populace. The reason for this unorthodox port call soon became apparent. The majestic ship, her master concerned over the possibility of being captured on the high seas by British or French cruisers, had been nearing Liverpool, England, when she received telegraphic orders to come about and return to the neutral United States, making for the nearest port, which, in view of the liner's diminishing coal supply, looked like Bar Harbor. One reason for the captain's anxiety soon became apparent. In addition to her 1,216 passengers (some of whom were British Army reservists), the ship carried $10,679,000 in gold and some $3,000,000 in silver. This cargo prompted newsmen to dub her "The Treasure Ship."

In response to the request made by the New York office of the North German Lloyd Line, representatives of the State, Treasury, and Commerce Departments, and of the USRCS, met in Washington to discuss the situation. Secretary McAdoo, as a consequence, ordered Androscoggin to Bar Harbor on 5 August 1914, "to permit no foreign vessel to leave (the) vicinity without clearance." Similar orders went to USRC Woodbury (at Portland) and USRC Gresham (at Boston). The purpose of the Androscoggin's visit to Bar Harbor would be primarily to guard the transfer of the gold and silver from the liner to tenders rs in which they would be taken ashore, loaded on to a train, and returned to New York City.

Accordingly, Androscoggin, Capt. W. E. Hall, USRCS, in command, departed Portland on 5 August and reached her destination the next day, having been joined en route by War ring ton (Destroyer No. 30), Lt. Comdr. Daniel Pratt Mannix commanding. The latter warship had been dispatched from Monhegan Island on such short notice that the 30 or so men ashore for liberty had been rounded up in a big hurry.

The arrival of the destroyer and the cutter fueled wild speculation in the press. The New York Times reported on 7 August that they had come "to guard and possibly to take back to New York the ... gold that the refugee liner carries. As to that," the member of the 4th Estate concluded, "the captains of both vessels were uncommunicative. " The only thing that Capt. Hall and Lt. Mannix would say was that they had been "given instructions to protect the teutrality of the United States and to see that all vessels leaving here have proper clearance papers." Ultimately, with the situation at Bar Harbor resolved-gold, silver, passengers, and mail all transferred ashore and Kron prinze in Cecilie interned-Androscoggin weighed anchor and departed Bar Harbor on 16 August, relieved on station by USRC Mohawk. After touching briefly at Portland, Androscoggin got
underway on the 18th, bound for the depot at South Baltimore. She reached Arundel Cove on the 22d and later shifted to Baltimore, where she was drydocked for hull repairs that lasted
through the remainder of the summer. While at Baltimore, the cutter contributed a landing party to march in the Star-Spangled Banner celebrations in that city on 11 September. Returning to
the depot on the 22d of that month, Androscoggin remained at Arundel Cove into the winter before getting underway for Boston three days before Christmas. She arrived there for duty
with the Eastern Division on the last day of 1914.

Androscoggin's operations that winter reflected the new emphasis in providing otherwise unobtainable medical services for the men of the American fishing fleets. An Act of 24 June 1914 had authorized the Commandant of the Revenue Cutter Service to "detail for duty on revenue cutters such surgeons and other persons of the Public Health Service as ... necessary." As a result of this act, Androscoggin was fitted out as a hospital ship and "relieved from the regular duties as normally performed by cutters" to cruise the fishing banks off Nova Scotia and New E and.

hortly after Androscoggin departed Boston on 15 January 1915 for Gloucester, Mass., to confer with representatives of the fishing industry, the Revenue Cutter Service and the Lifesaving Service were merged by the Act of 28 January 1915 establishing the United States Coast Guard. Based in Boston, the cutter touched at the ports of Halifax, Liverpool, and Shelburne, Nova Scotia, and frequented the Brown and Lahave Banks. The catches for the regular season had proved disappointingly small by the time the ship's expected service with the fishing fleet was up, the fishermen remaining in the waters off Nova Scotia in the hope of reaping more bounty from the sea. This development moved Capt. Hall of Androscoggin to report the necessity for remaining "on station" into the early spring. This extension granted, Androscoggin op erated off the Grand Banks, pausing briefly to take on coal and water at Halifax, into late May, 1915. Androscoggin's doctor treated more than 100 medical cases during the first five months that the ship spent in two at-sea periods among the craft off the Banks. During that time, she did not neglect her other traditional functions-assisting three vessels in distress.

Following this arduous duty, Androscoggin sailed south for the Coast Guard Depot at South Baltimore, arriving on the morning of 7 June. She remained there until sailing for Boston that morning of 12 October. Resuming her operation with the fishing fleets that November, the ship again operated out of Halifax and Shelburne, into May 1916. The presence of a hospital ship in their vicinity over the next few months, was a source of great comfort and security to the fishermen, and her duty remained me "global" when the United United States entered 1917. The following day, Androscoggin received word to acknowledge "Plan One."

As the Coast Guard came under the control of the Navy for the duration of "The War to end all Wars," Androscoggin quickly prepared for wartime service. Within 10 days of America's entering into hostilities, Commander, Squadron 1, Patrol Force, Atlantic Fleet-to which Androscoggin was initially assignedrecommended that she be rearmed with a battery of four 3-inch guns vice her 6-pounders. However, the shortage of such weapons made their assignment to Androscoggin by the summer ssible and instead her "worn" guns were replaced by similar caliber weapons taken off USCGC Tampa when the latter was rearmed for war service.

Based at Provincetown, Mass., Androscoggin was "prepared at all times to get underway at two hours' notice for patrol or other duties" of the Patrol Force, into the autumn of 1917. Outside of her new wartime patrol duties, Androscoggin continued to perform her usual peacetime task of going to the aid of distressed shipping. One instance of this occurred when, on 9 November 1917, she received a report that SS Santa Rita had broken down; Androscoggin de parted Boston at 1030 that day and learned at 1135 on the 12th that Santa Rita no longer needed assistance since another vessel had arrived and provided her with enough fuel to make port. Androscoggin returned to port on the morning of the 15th. A short time later, her rudder and steering gear were damaged in a gale and prevented her from assisting ships in trouble off New Brunswick and Prince Edward Islands early in December.

During the course of her subsequent repairs, it was necessary to put the cutter up on the marine railway at the Boston Navy Yard. Winter icing conditions, however, delayed the ship's leaving the railway.

Androscoggin was undocked on 15 February and resumed operations soon thereafter. In early March, the ship took the disabled merchantman, SS Turret Crown, in tow, taking her to Boston where a tug assumed the tow and took the ship in for repairs. In March, Androscoggin-in company with USCGC Tuscaroraescorted a formation of 110-foot subchasers to Bermuda. Following that tour of convoy duty, she towed barges from Guantanamo Bay to Hampton Roads in April.

Upon completion of repairs at Boston, Androscoggin cruised on Ice Patrol, reporting ice conditions off St. John's, Newfoundland, in mid-May. During the course of her first patrol in those waters, she sighted five large icebergs, two small, and seven "growlers" on 29 May and one small berg on I June. Her final report recapitulated what she had seen-no icebergs off the Grand Banks but some to the southward and eastward, concluding that vessels in that area should proceed cautiously in "thick weather."

After stopping briefly at Boston for maintenance, Androscoggin returned to northern waters a second time in June, for the Ice Patrol duty before resuming her activities looking in on the fishing fleet off Georges and Grand Banks area that August. During the subsequent repairs at Boston, the efforts to have Androscoggin's armament upgraded finally bore fruit, when the ship received 3-inch guns That had initially been earmarked for new construction minesweepers.

Androscoggin operated briefly in the waters off Nova Scotia in early October 1918 and touched at Quebec toward the end of the month. On 11 November, the armistice was signed endin
hostilities. Between 5 and 9 December 1918, the cutter convoy a flotilla of nine trawlers from Halifax to Boston.

Detached from the 1st Naval District for temporary duty under the orders of the "Commodore Commandant of the Coast Guard" on 7 March 1919, Androscoggin-her battery removed
prior to departure-resumed Ice Patrol duties soon thereafter. This ship and the cutter Tallapoosa received orders to patrol the steamship lanes to determine the limits of ice areas and to broadcast the information to ships in their vicinity. Relieving Tallapoosa on station on I May and in turn relieved on the 16th, Androscoggin conducted one more patrol before returning to Boston June.

Relieved of duty with the Ice Patrol on 5 July, Androscoggin resumed her operations attached to the 1st Naval District. On 20 July 1919, the ship departed Boston and proceeded to Halifax, convoying four Canadian trawlers and two Canadian drifters to be returned to that government after their brief service with the Navy. Shortly after midnight, one of the trawlers (No. 55) disappeared into the murk.

While the convoy stopped, Androscoggin commenced blowing her whistle at intervals, and heard a three-blast answer which she assumed came from the missing No. 55, Androscoggin then lay to for almost an hour, waiting for the trawler to return to the convoy and plainly heard a whistle in the foggy darkness. Steering toward the sound but seeing no lights accompanying it, the cutter proceeded on the same course for five miles but neither sighted nor heard anything more. She then again lay to but-as day broke upon the calm, hazy sea-there was no sign of the lost trawler. At 0600, on the 21st, Androscoggin continued on her voyage, convoying the three remaining trawlers and the two drifters, reaching Halifax on the 23d. Happily, the missing trawler turned up safe and sound, reporting her position as anchored off the fogbound entrance to Dover, Nova Scotia, on the morning of 23 July and indicating her intentions to proceed when the fog cleared.

After returning to Boston, Androscoggin escorted a second convoy of Canadian drifters to Halifax (30 August to 2 September) before arriving at Boston on the 5th. Although the Coast Guard was transferred back to the jurisdiction of the Treasury Department on 28 August 1919, Androscoggin along with the cutters Ossipee, Acushnet, Mackinac, and Winnisimmet, was not returned to the Treasury Department until 22 September 1919.

Androscoggin resumed regular cruising duty the following spring, based at Boston and was assigned to the Eastern Division, held in readiness to answer calls to assist vessels in distress "and perform all the other duties of a regular cruising cutter." Her cruising grounds were to encompass the waters from Eastport, Maine, to Nantucket Shoals. Highlights of her operations over the next few months were two instances in which she responded to calls for assistance from vessels and temporary duty on the New York station with the International Yacht Races.

That fall, the cutter cruised to Gloucester, Mass., a visit occasioned by a complaint, lodged by fishermen with the local congressman, that a number of Gloucester fishermen's nets had been tampered with by persons unknown. They asked the government to protect their nets "against marauders" who were daily destroying them some three to four miles off Cape Ann. Androscoggin accordingly sailed for Gloucester on the morning of 22 October 1920 and investigated the matter, spreading the news that the Coast Guard was "on the lookout for the persons guilty of cutting the fishnets or any other interference with the fishermen in their regular pursuit of trade."

Following that mission, Androscoggin resumed o perations out of Boston, spending the latter part of the year under r r at the Boston Navy Yard before resuming duty status on 1 1921. Once in January and again in February, Androscoggin searched unsuccessfully for wreckage reported by passing steamers, looking for possible menaces to navigation that needed to be destroyed. That spring, in the absence of Acushnet from her regular station at Woods Hole, Mass., Androscoggin was based temporarily. there, taking over Acushnet's cruising area out of that port. She continued standing-in for other ships when she operated out of New London in the absence of USCGC Ossipee in early June. During the course of those operations, Androscoggin visited Gloucester, Portland, Rockland, Cutler, Eastport, Lubec, Pleasant Bay Castine, Belfast, Boothbsy, Kittery Point, and paid return calls on Rockport and Gloucester between 6 and 15 June 1921. Her orders directed her to board vessels, enforce the customs, navigation, and boat laws ascertaining "whether there are known violations of laws coming under the cognizance of the Coast Guard and take action accordingly. ."

Subsequently sailing south to Norfolk, Androscoggin relieved USCGC Manning on I July, freeing that cutter to undergo an overhaul. During the course of that brief stint of replacement duty, Androscoggin visited Chincoteague Island, searching for the schooners Bertha and Pocomo, whose owners had allegedly been using them for smuggling whiskey in violation of Prohibition Law, When her search proved unsuccessful, the ship returned to Norfolk on 12 July.

When Manning returned to her regular station, Androscoggin received her final orders: to proceed to the Coast Guard Depot at South Baltimore for decommissioning. Departing
folk on the morning of 3 August, Androscoggin reached the Washington Navy Yard the following afternoon. Prior to arriving at the Coast Guard depot on 16 August, the ship conducted a brief cruise down the Potomac with a congressional delegation, members of the Commitee on Interstate and Foreign Commerceincluding its chairman, the Honorable Samuel E. Winslow of Massachusetts embarked. "The run was delightful and the experience instructive," Winslow later wrote in appreciation to Commodore William E. Reynolds, the Commandant of the Coast Guard, "Everything about the boat [sic] in respect of its cleanliness, order, and good conduct of the crew indicated a careful observance of duty on the part of everybody .... 11

After the removal of stores and equipment to be properly stored at the depot, Androscoggin was placed out of commission at the Coast Guard Depot, South Baltimore, on 26 August 1921,
crew was assigned to the newly built USCG Tampa. On 10 May 1922, Androscoggin was sold, along with the former cutter Itasca (ex-Bancroft) to Mr. Charles A. Jording of Baltimore.

The name And as initially assigned to AOG-24 but that projected Mettawee-class gasoline tanker was renamed Sheepscot (q.v.) to avoid confusion with the Owasco-class Coast
Guard cutter (WPG--68) of the same name.

The History of Androscoggin Mill

It is a great Pulp and Paper Mill in Jay, Marine, in the northeast United States. The description of the Androscoggin Mill goes from a public opprobrium and the conflict that shows every case for environmental management. There was a strike which was carried out in the early 1980s which were an 18 months strike that left the mill in tabulations. In response to the factory environmental violations, some of the two former corporate-level employees had sought out to make changes in the business and make IPs best environmental performer (Peck & Daley, 1994). The primary reason for the strike was the fact that the Mill was undertaking some practices that were leading to the environment pollution. It was later evolved in the year 1990 whereby the Mill followed the principles of industrial ecology.

New approaches focused on getting the benefits of the landfills wastes and replacements for the most hazardous chemical and reductions in active, harmful chemicals. An establishment was introduced whereby a public advisory committee in 1992 to integrate the pulp and the paper mills. It is considered as the largest mill in the forest production amounting to 117,000 employees worldwide (Peck & Daley, 1994). By the end of 2001, the Androscoggin Mill employed about 1,200 work forces where 150 were in the level to acquire salary. The technology of Kraft pulping was used, and it made sure that it produced 1600 tons of mostly coated paper per day.

It was the invite from President George H. Bush to join the Commission on Environmental Quality so that they could seek advice from the private sector on the environmental issues. The white house council was mandated to implore the company to find ways and strategies that would apply pollution prevention principles as well as put into test as new strategies and share the results. The transformation occurred in 1990s and 2000s whereby the primary focus was to pursue pollution prevention projects, to form participation projects that would operate and become more open to the community that is involved together with the input (Peck & Daley, 1994). The aim was also to develop an environment model from which other facilities could learn.

When the Mill joined the corporation, it was one way to indicate that they would follow the rules and regulations of obtaining an environment that was free from any pollution and strive to minimize the impacts of the environment. When David Critchfield and Thomas Saviello joined the cooperation, they focused on establishing high standards together with putting trust regulators and the local communities. They worked together in making sure that the mill was free from the violations and the criminal indictments and made the Company be excellent of environment preservation (Hill, 2002). The company later was able to receive an award for Environment Excellent due to their efforts in pollution prevention. It was this award that was able to motivate the employees and became reinforcement for them to work harder towards achieving the environment

The paper enables the reader to identify that at first the Mill was carrying out some activities that were leading to the pollution of the environment. With the rate of producing 1600 tons of paper, it was clear that something needed to be done. Although the Company was doing an excellent job in providing an environment for job creation, there was a need for an extra step to be carried out. After the invite to join the corporation that maintained environmental principles, the Mill was able to put more effort and also made an environment that was free from pollution at that time (Hill, 2002). It, therefore, means that it was due to the call to stop the corruption that made the mill make an effort and a step ahead.

In 1992, pollution prevention opportunities were established whereby the team formed a pulp bleaching process on emission. There were two methods introduced by Mill staff as a result of the team recommendations that the bleaching processes could be used to minimize the lining of pulp. The Mill combined extended delignification that treated pulp with high-pressure oxygen to reduce the lignin content and the required bleaching. The pollution prevention projects resulted in a process that changed in 2002 when the Mill joined two USA EPA XL projects (Hill, 2002). The several prevention projects efforts were the extension of delignification oxygen extension among others.

The mill was able to include replacement of two hazardous products that were producing nitrogen and phosphorus which provided the growth of microorganism that degraded the organic materials in the factorys waste waters. Its efforts to reduce the accumulation and production of the hazardous materials generated the attention to prevent the caustic liquor spills, the substitution of barium, screening of the paint products before the purchase so that they can avoid the hazardous constituents and the purchase for low-mercury fluorescent bulbs to minimize the generation of relamping.

Some of the measures taken included recycling the woods, metals and also the paper, compacting the improving limekiln operations, non-recyclable paper into burnable pellets, to allow firing of the lime mud produced. The selling of the flume grit to a contractor that would process it into the landscape would also be done, burning the bark and the sludge and incorporating some ashes into the ash crete and incorporating the green liquor dregs into AshCrete.

The pulp and the paper industry have got a history of environment pollution. There has been a lot of critic about how they manage their activities and their processes together with their operation. It has been argued that the manner which they harvest their timber and for the processing operation. The environment regulations are considered as the savior of the environment by establishing different perspectives that direct companies like the pulp and paper industries into the right procedures and approaches of sustainable environment actions (Hill, 2002).Pulp uses a variety of methods to convert the wood to paper, and the separation can be caried out mechanically or through the use of chemicals. The use of the Kraft process ids what leads to the recycling of the liquids so that they can be reused or used for another purpose. It, therefore, provides a high range of P2 opportunities where there are washing and screening, and the pulp can be bleached into paper.

It was due to the occurrence of a crisis that made the industry have a wake-up call and create success outcome to the mill and the environment. The IP decision to find people who were responsible for making reforms was a significant step which led to the industry receiving an award and therefore motivating the workers. After its success, the mill did not relent, and it expanded its territories of change by coming up with different projects and also invited stakeholders who had the same interest as they did and that was to oversee the growth in production of the mill in a pollution free environment.

Hill, S. a. (2002). The Greening of a Pulp and Paper Mill. Journal of Industrial Ecology , 120.


In the mid-1980s, the potential sale of a vast parcel of land along the Androscoggin River in Turner left a cherished local landscape vulnerable to development. Compelled toward action, a small group of area residents began brainstorming ways to preserve the land as open space and to maintain its longstanding public access. Drawing upon the expertise of statewide conservation organizations, they succeeded in securing funds from the fledgling Lands for Maine’s Future Program to purchase the land, which was then transferred to the Maine Bureau of Parks and Lands for management.

Today, the Androscoggin Riverlands State Park is the fifth largest in the state park system, a 2675-acre expanse that offers miles of public trails, river access, year-round recreational opportunities, and significant natural habitat for wildlife.

This successful grassroots effort at land protection was the catalyst for the creation of the Androscoggin Land Trust (ALT) in 1989 as a vehicle for continuing conservation efforts in the region. Over the 26 years since its founding, ALT has worked hand-in-hand with local landowners and organizations to protect significant local lands that give our region its character and safeguard them for future generations.

Androscoggin County Sheriff's Office

Welcome to the Androscoggin County Sheriff's Office Information Portal.

Did you know?

Autism : 1 in 68 children are affected by Autism Spectrum Disorder

Boys are four times more likely to be affected by Autism

Wandering statistics :

Half the ASD population wanders (31% from school setting)

Recent study showed of those under age 9 that wandered, 41% of the time it was a fatal outcome

Of ASD wandering deaths, 91% are attributed to drowning, so SEARCH WATER FIRST

Also, persons with ASD, due to issues such as sensory dysfunction, processing difficulties and other communication challenges, often experience emotional meltdowns, during which they may be injured.

Due to the above, it is critical that families are proactive and register their loved one with local first responders, so that a rapid response can be achieved. Autism training has been a part of the Maine Criminal Justice Academy training for new officers since 2006, and it is also a mandatory training topic for officers already on the road in 2016-2017. The class is taught by a retired law enforcement officer who has a child with ASD. So it is important for families to know that officers have the knowledge to respond to these incidents, and will be much better able to ensure a safe outcome if they take the time to provide their local police department with some basic information that can be used in the event of an emergency

Here is an excellent resource for families with children who may wander:

The Androscoggin County Sheriff’s Office would like to “Help Us Help You.” We have provided a downloadable form here on the Androscoggin County Sheriff’s Office website that families of people affected by Autism Spectrum Disorder can fill out and return to us for entry into our records management system. This form contains information and a picture of a loved one that can help emergency responders access in a crisis situation so they may respond quickly and appropriately should the need arise.

The form can be downloaded here:

Also, contact the Autism Society of Maine for information on any type of support you need on this journey with a loved one affected by Autism, 1-800-273-5200

The Polluted Water of Androscoggin River

The Androscoggin River in the US produces 3.8 megawatts from power stations which support around 2,500 homes with electricity.

However, the vast amount of pollution present within the river, threatens the thousands of people living nearby.

The river spans 178 miles long and traverses through Maine and New Hampshire. Throughout its course, it descends 1,245 feet and is an effective source of water power encouraging the development of cities and industries.

From the 1940s through the 2000s, the Androscoggin was so polluted that some environmental groups listed it as one of the 20 most polluted rivers in the United States.

Androscoggin River before the Clean Water Act (Maine Audubon)

Once filled with pollutants and chemicals, the Androscoggin River was one of the leading factors to the creation of the Clean Water Act, which benefited many polluted rivers across the US.

However, continued discharge of chemical waste into the Androscoggin river by multiple industries consistently threatens the future of the Androscoggin River.


Since the late 19th century, industrialization has played a huge part in the pollution present within the Androscoggin River.

The close proximity of the river with that of cities and industries, municipal and wastewater discharges from industries has polluted the ecosystem and environment by creating “20-foot drifts of yellow-brown fumes”, as well as a “rotten egg odor”.

Contaminated water in the Androscoggin River (Rivers for Change)

People say 30 years ago the odor from the water could peel the paint off houses and you could bounce quarters off the foam.

The Clean Water Act has helped to improve the water quality of the river, however, parts of the river, specifically the 160 mile long section in Gulf Island Pond, still do not meet the standards.

The main reasons for the existence of pollution within the river are the discharges from mills and wastewater treatment facilities that taint the river and harm the ecosystem.


A report stated that 92% of the total pollution within the river were originally discharged from paper mills.

  • Production of the first large pulp and paper mills in the early 20th century, brought extraordinary high amounts of toxic chemicals into the river causing high nutrient levels and lowered dissolved oxygen levels.
  • Approximately 17,000 gallons per ton of paper is used for the paper production process and the mills found it most convenient to dump the wastewater into nearby rivers, thereby contributing to the increasing amounts of pollution
  • Paper mills account for 83% of oxygen depleting chemicals, as well as 77% of phosphorus pollution.

Paper mill in Maine (Forest Machine Magazine)

The excessive discharge of nutrients such as sulfite and phosphorus resulted in enormous algae blooms growth and oxygen levels depletion resulting in the suffocation and ultimately death of countless organisms.

Pipe from a mill dumping wastewater into the Androscoggin River (Maine Audubon)

The Verso mill – formerly named International Paper – is one of the largest polluters of the Androscoggin River. In 2005, the mill was sued for violations to the Clean Water Act with allegations for dumping 40 million gallons of wastewater per day into the Androscoggin River.


The Androscoggin River received a total of 14.2% of Maine’s Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) discharge which is more than 62 million gallons of waste.

Due to the toxic chemicals, untreated waste, and plastic debris that combined sewer overflows introduced into the river, it has contributed significantly to the death of marine life present within the Androscoggin River.

The Department of Environmental Protection has taken action towards banning 10 of the CSO flows, however, more action by the administration and community is needed to create a safe and clean environment in and by the Androscoggin River.

Pollution in the Androscoggin River (Maine Audubon)


Aside from combined sewer overflows and paper mills, other parameters that also contribute to the pollution present within the Androscoggin River include dissolved oxygen levels, dioxin, toxic sediment, as well as lenient policies from authorities.


Dissolved oxygen levels are essential for aquatic life. Unfortunately, the level in the Androscoggin River is not adequate.

  • In 1957 the level of dissolved oxygen levels were under 2 ppm (parts per million) which is below the level of 3ppm needed to sustain fish life. As a result, millions of fish died due to the insufficient oxygen. of sulfite pulp per week that were often dumped into the river by paper mills promotes the growth of algal blooms thus causing the level of dissolved oxygen to significantly decrease.
  • In 2002, the Gulf Island Pond within the Androscoggin River exceeded the algal bloom threshold of 8 parts per billion (ppb) by around 7 ppb.

Dioxin, a highly toxic organic pollutant discharged from the paper mills, also poses a threat to marine life within the river.

  • In 2005, white suckers in the Androscoggin River were found to contain a mean dioxin concentration of around 4. Dioxin consumed from fish can cause serious problems for the safety of humans.

2005 dioxin concentrations in white sucker fish (Casco Bay Estuary)

  • Dioxin in fish can accumulate to 25 thousand to 50 thousand times the concentration present within the river. The general public is warned heavily against the intake of fish caught from the Androscoggin River, due to the high concentrations of dioxin.
  • In addition, known as persistent environmental pollutants (POPs), dioxins can remain in the environment for many years.


By 1970, the Androscoggin was considered one of the most polluted rivers in the United States and the largest body of water with toxic sediments in Maine.

  • Legacy pollutants such as mercury within the sediment of the Androscoggin River have historically come from mill activities near the river banks.
  • In a study done by the United States Geological Survey, results depicted that mercury concentrations in sediment near stream reaches was approximately 200 nanogram/g which was higher than the guidelines.
  • Methylmercury is formed when inorganic mercury present within the sediment. Even in small quantities it can accumulate into large amounts within fish and pose a threat to human health when consumed.

With the mill’s claim for providing work to the majority of people in Lewiston by the Androscoggin River, authorities have been cautious in establishing limits for mill pollution, which only contribute to the declining state of the river.

  • In 2003, the Commissioner of the Department of Environmental Protection developed a plan for a new license that would clean the Androscoggin River, however, for no reason at all, the Commissioner halted the task force meeting for implementing this plan.
  • Rising pressure from paper industries, such as International Paper, was believed to be the main cause of hesitation and inactivity from the authorities.
  • Recent Supreme Court cases and confusing guidance from the Environmental Protection Agency have jeopardized Clean Water Act protections for “more than 20 million wetland acres and an estimated 59% of the stream miles that sustain our communities.”

The Androscoggin Land Trust is a membership-supported nonprofit organization dedicated to conserving areas of ecological importance within the Androscoggin River Watershed.

  • Over 30 years, the Androscoggin Land Trust has succeeded in bringing over 5000 acres of land to the conservation for protection of natural ecosystems and public recreation.
  • On August 3rd. 2019, the Androscoggin Land Trust hosted its 8th annual Androscoggin River cleanup along with local volunteers and succeeded in spreading awareness of the need to eliminate pollution within the Androscoggin River to many local residents.

Volunteers at the 8th Annual Androscoggin River Cleanup (Androscoggin Land Trust)


In 1972, U.S. Senator Edmund Muskie, who grew up by the Androscoggin River, was inspired to take action to stop pollution and improve water qualities for rivers and lakes all across the US.

As a result, Muskie proposed the Clean Water Act and led the successful effort towards establishing the federal law, which prevented billions of pounds of waste from entering our beloved rivers.

The Clean Water Act closed loopholes that had left more than 55% of Maine’s stream miles and thousands of acres of wetlands at risk for pollution, thus threatening the drinking water of Mainers across the state.

Tourists paddling in the “relatively clean” Androscoggin River (Natural Resources Council of Maine)

Although the Androscoggin River is “relatively clean now,” several sections of the river still do not abide by Class C standards mainly due to the accumulated discharge of pollution from mills.


The main problems that continue to endanger the Androscoggin River are the continued discharge of pollution from paper and pulp mills, as well as the accumulated pollutants within the ecosystem.

  • Stricter regulations from the administration, along with the adoption of the circular economy by the local paper and pulp mills must be taken in order to reduce the amount of pollution discharged into the Androscoggin River.
  • A circular economy solution that local mills can adapt to a larger degree is reusing wastewater, sludge, and organic nutrients generated from mills as a fertilizer for agriculture.

This solution would not only reduce waste in the Androscoggin River but would also create an efficient energy source for the agriculture industry.


Additionally, the community can adopt circular economy by:

  • Leading protests with intentions of establishing stricter regulations on the discharge of pollution from paper mills
  • Hosting cleanup events within the Androscoggin River to reduce the amount of algae within the river and possibly reusing it as a potential source of food for animal feeds.
  • Hosting festivals, and field trips to teach local residents and students about water quality parameters.
  • Creating a volunteer or service system to encourage local residents, especially students, to measure the water quality of the Androscoggin River and reach out if qualities are low or acidic.

Community initiatives hosted by Earth5R, such as the Recycle Training at Palghar in India and the Powai Lake Cleanup in India, have already proven useful towards spreading awareness of the issue of pollution and inspiring action for the benefit of our rivers.

Recycle Training at Palghar, India (Earth5R)

Reach out to Earth5R to know more about solving environmental issues by creating circular economy based sustainability projects.


Earth5R is an environmental organization from India with its head office at Mumbai. It works with the NGO sector, Companies and helps them conduct environmental corporate social responsibility (CSR) programs across India. Earth5R specializes in circular economy based projects. Earth5R also offers short term and long term environmental courses.

Earth5R’s Global Sustainability Hub is a cross-sector and cross-country collaboration in pursuit of UN Sustainable Development Goals. It is an excellent opportunity for governments and the private sector to engage with communities, use Sustainability-based models to drive economic changes, and create social and environmental impact.

Androscoggin Home Healthcare + Hospice

Androscoggin Home Healthcare and Hospice is an organization about living, dedicated to enhancing quality of life by providing innovative and compassionate medical care for all.

An organization with heart

As Maine’s largest independent non-profit home healthcare organization providing health, hospice and care management services since 1966, we know the focus should be on health – not illness. We help people – from infancy to end of life – thrive and maximize their independence by providing the skilled medical attention and state-of-the-art solutions needed to achieve personal health goals.

We’re about living, compassionately bringing high-quality, innovative health care that enhances a person’s here and now to be the best it can possibly be.

We offer a culture of compassion that goes beyond traditional health care. Our remarkable staff treats not only the physical, but emotional and spiritual well-being of individuals and their loved ones with dignity, humanity, and respect.

Our Values

At our core are five guiding values that remain consistent in everything we do, every day.

We would be honored to serve you

In the highly competitive world of home healthcare and hospice where for-profit businesses are in the norm, our organization remains true to its independent, non-profit roots. As a patient, you get to choose the organization that provides your care.

Brief timeline of Jay’s Androscoggin Mill

• International Paper, then the largest paper company in the world, builds the Androscoggin Mill in 1965. At peak under IP, 1,500 people worked there.

• Roughly 1,200 workers leave their jobs in 1987, part of a historic 16-month strike.

• IP sells the mill in 2006 to CMP Holdings LLC, a subsidiary of Verso Paper Holdings LLC. At the time, the Androscoggin Mill employed 1,000 people.

Jay Town Manager Ruth Marden noted, “it’s the only paper mill in the state that’s never changed hands. This is a big deal.”

• Verso lays off 300 people in 2015 and files for bankruptcy the next year.

• Verso lays off 190 employees in 2017 and idles the No. 3 machine.

• New investments of $17 million upgrade and restart the No. 3 machine in 2018, creating 120 new jobs. At the time of the announcement, the company employed 400 people.

• In February 2020, Pixelle Specialty Solutions, based in Pennsylvania, buys the Jay mill from Verso. Pixelle becomes the largest specialty paper producer in North America. At the time of purchase, the mill had roughly 500 employees.

Perfect Size.

What They’re Saying

“ The Andro spirit is something special and unique…it’s helping, caring, giving, sharing, learning, teaching, having fun…something wonderful to experience but hard to describe. ”

Rich E. Camper, Counselor, Camp Parent

“ What a summer! We couldn’t be happier with our son's first camping experience. And neither could he. See you next summer. ”

Jason W. Camp Parent

“ Thank you so much for providing me with the most memorable seven summers of my life. The bonds and memories will last a lifetime. ”

Ben M. Lodge 2016

“ I want to start by telling you both what an immense impact Andro has had on our three boys. Over the years, they have made lasting friendships and as a bonus, so have we. You have taken such wonderful care of each of them, and we are thrilled that they have all gone up the ranks to the Lodge. Thank you, thank you, thank you for giving them the positive and meaningful experience of camp. We will miss you. ”

Ellen H. Camp Parent

Usage and Trails

Allowable Uses: nature observation, swimming, camping, and cross-country skiing and snowshoeing in season. No motorized vehicles on the island. Dogs are allowed on a leash or under voice command. Please clean up after your pets.

Trails: The property contains no marked trails except around the campsites.

Camping: Reservations are required for overnight use of the campsites and the cabin. Go to the Norris Island camping page for more information. Reservations are not necessary for day use of the beach, picnic table, fire ring, and the outhouse.

Note: The interior of the island has a dense stand of poison ivy, use caution.

Androscoggin - History

“There are many persons who have watched with interest the steady increase in summer activities on and about Androscoggin and Pocasset Lakes, and who are of the opinion that it would of great advantage to all concerned to afford these activities adequate protection and encouragement.

Believing that a yacht club would be of assistance in accomplishing these ends, as well as enhancing the attractiveness of Wayne as a summer resort, a small meeting was arranged for Thursday, August 5, 1909, at 3 p.m. to discuss the organization of such a yacht club.”

This first organizational meeting to discuss the formation of the Androscoggin Yacht Club was held on August 5, 1909 at J. H. Millett’s boat house on the shore of Androscoggin Lake. Present were J.H. Millett, A. H. Davis, C. H. Millett, A. H. Davis Jr., F. F. Burr, H. T. Burr and G. E. Brumbaugh. The chairmanship of the meeting was unanimously awarded to A. H. Davis and G. E. Brumbaugh was made temporary secretary. It is to these men that the founding and organization of this club is due. A committee was formed to take up the question of rules and regulations, with the committee invited by Joshua Millett to accompany him to Lake Cobbosseecontee to visit the yacht club there and obtain as much information as possible.

On August 12, 1909, a second meeting was held at J. H. Millett’s boat house. On this date a petition was drawn up for the incorporation of the yacht club. Chosen was a name for the club, Androscoggin Yacht Club, and drawn up was a broadly inclusive list of purposes of the new club –“ promotion of the yachting and boating on the waters of Lakes Androscoggin and Pocasset, protection and preservation of the fishes and game on the waters thereof and care and improvement of the shores of said lakes.”

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Auburn Genealogy (in Androscoggin County, ME)

NOTE: Additional records that apply to Auburn are also found through the Androscoggin County and Maine pages.

Auburn Birth Records

Maine, Birth Records, 1892-present Maine Department of Health and Human Services

Auburn Cemetery Records

Beth Abraham Cemetery Billion Graves

Evergreen Cemetery Billion Graves

Gracelawn Memorial Park Billion Graves

Mount Hope Cemetery Billion Graves

Oak Hill Cemetery Billion Graves

Pine Street Cemetery Billion Graves

Pine Street Cemetery Billion Graves

Auburn Census Records

United States Federal Census, 1790-1940 Family Search

Auburn Church Records

Auburn City Directories

Auburn Death Records

Maine, Death Records, 1892-present Maine Department of Health and Human Services

Watch the video: Stealing History (May 2022).