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Jaccard DE-355 - History

Jaccard DE-355 - History

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Richard Alonzo Jaccard was born 1 July 1918, in Troy, Mo., and enlisted in the Naval Reserve 29 October 1940. He later underwent flight training and upon graduation was commissioned Ensign 27 September 1941. Reporting to famed carrier Enterprise (CV-6) in April 1942, Ens. Jaccard took part 4 June 1942 in one of the most important battles in all naval history, the Battle of Midway. As American carrier groups moved to meet the Japanese thrust at Midway, Jaccard, as part of Scouting Squadron 6, attacked enemy carriers during the morning, knockin,out Akagi and Kaga. That afternoon the squadron carried out another devastating attack, sinking carrier Hiryu. For his part in a great victory, Jaccard was awarded the Navy Cross. Following further missions with Scouting Squadron 6, Jaccard was transferred to Bombing Squadron 6 in Wasp (CV-7). While supporting the Guadalcanal campaign from the carrier, Ens. Jaccard was killed when Wasp was torpedoed and sunk 15 September 1942.

(DE-355: dp. 1,350; 1. 306'; b. 36'8"; dr. 9'5"; s. 24 k.; cpl. 186; a. 2 5", 4 40 mm., 10 20mm., 2 dct., 8 dcp., 1 dcp. (h.h.) ; cl. John C. Butler)

Jaccard (DE-355) was launched by Consolidated Steel Corp., Ltd., Orange, Tex., 18 March 1944; sponsored by Mrs. C. R. Jaccard, mother of Ensign Jaccard; and commissioned 26 July 1944, Lt. Comdr. R . Hamilton in command.

Following shakedown training out of Bermuda, the new destroyer escort sailed to Boston for the installation of new electronic equipment. She departed 29 September for Norfolk to join her escort division and after a battle problem off the Virginia Capes escorted a convoy back into. Hampton Roads. Jaccard then sailed 21 October, transited the Panama Canal, and touched at many of the Navy's south Pacific bases before arriving Hollandia 28 November 1944. After several days of antisubmarine training, she steamed to Leyte, arriving 21 December, and there underwent her first air attack. In the months that followed the destroyer escort operated as a convoy escort from Hollandia, Manus, and the Palaus to Leyte as Allied forces pressed forward in the conquest of the Philippines. Jaccard remained on this duty, escorting a total of eleven convoys of vitally needed supplies, until joining a hunter-killer group 18 March 1945, west of the Philippines. During the next 2 months she also escorted American submarines to and from Subic Bay.

In May Jaccard returned to escort duty out of Leyte Gulf, but steamed back to the waters off Manila 22 June to patrol and escort submarines. She remained on this duty until after the end of organized fighting, and then began escort duty between Manila and Okinawa 30 August 1945. Early in 1946 the veteran ship began operating as escort and mail ship between the Philippines and ports in China and Korea in support of American troops remaining in these strategic countries to preserve stability. She sailed 26 April 1946 for the United States, and arrived 16 June. After a period of training operations off the West Coast, Jaccard decommissioned at Puget Sound Navy Yard 30 September 1946, and joined the Pacific Reserve Fleet, Bremerton, Wash., where she remains.

Jaccard received one battle star for World War 11 service.

Jaccard DE-355 - History

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What Jaccard family records will you find?

There are 1,000 census records available for the last name Jaccard. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Jaccard census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 656 immigration records available for the last name Jaccard. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 240 military records available for the last name Jaccard. For the veterans among your Jaccard ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

There are 1,000 census records available for the last name Jaccard. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Jaccard census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 656 immigration records available for the last name Jaccard. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 240 military records available for the last name Jaccard. For the veterans among your Jaccard ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

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Jaccard DE-355 - History

The following poems are examples of such poems taken from the logs of USS Jaccard DE 355 and USS Richard M. Rowell DE 403.

Moore starboard side to the USS Davis DE 357, who
Is starboard side to the South side of Pier number two
In the harbour, the City and the Philippine Island called Cebu.

In use are all the lines from one through six,
By doubling two to five, securely she sticks.

Also in use are boiler number two and engineroom number, the same,
With the regular in-port watch as our goal to maintain.

Now the material condition is Baker "modified",
To keep the ship afloat and save the Captain's hide.

At forty minutes past midnight, aboard came Krizan, Andrew (n),
He is SV6, USNR, and twenty minutes overdue,
And 856-97-00 is his serial number, MoMM2c(T) his rate,
Now a prisoner at large, since liberty expired at 0015 this date.

AT 0050 Madison, James Morgan, 976-34-87, S1c, V6(SV) was back,
Overleave thirty-five minutes, hence a prisoner at large, aware of the fact.

Submitted by DESA member Al Gregg, USS Jaccard DE 355


Here we are at the end of nineteen forty-four,
Finding ourselves in Task Unit Seventy-seven point Four point Four,
Steaming in company with Task Group Seventy-eight point One,
Taking our order from ComBatRon One.

The base course is three two zero,
Our destination is dealing with Hirohitho,
Nine knots, one three five r.p.m., in fleet speed,
Our plans are to make him feel real humble indeed.

The boilers are in use, and the engineering plant is split,
We have the Nips guessing what and where we will hit.
Zigzagging as per Plan Number one,
We are looking for some New Year's fun.

Our immediate superior is ComCortDiv Two Seven,
Who, like us, has no use for sons of heaven,
Our station is number one in Screen Fifty-two,
And since that's all that's exciting, we'll bid you adieu.

Gordon J. Andrew.
Lt. (jg), CD, U.S.N.R" (Communications Officer)

Above poem taken from Log Books r eceived at the SLATER Museum as part of donated items from Joseph Iannucci - radioman aboard USS RICHARD M. ROWELL DE-403 during WW II.

The Log Books had been taken from the ship before it was scrapped in Oregon and sent to Joe and he has saved them for many years. This historical information is now part of the SLATER Library Archives.

Tuesday , 1 January 1946

Moored starboard side to port side of USS Osmus (DE 701) at Pier "C", Todd Shipyard, Smith Island, San Pedro, California. Receiving power, steam and water from the dock.

Moored as before this New Year's Day
At Todd Ship Yard, San Pedro,
A Year ago we were far away
Dodging Jap shells and torpedo.

An exciting year was the one just passed
The rest will be different I hope,
The Japs and the Germans we completely outclassed
And we know with the future we'll cope.

(signed) Paul L. Callan, Lt. Comdr. USNR

Submitted by DESA member Sid Morrow, USS O'FLAHERTY DE 340

Five-hundred-sixty-three trim but deadly DEs
Lead the Navy to victory on all the high seas.

Each DE tells of the deeds, and some of the sorrows
Of all the brave men, some who had no tomorrows.

They roamed the world's oceans, escorting convoys,
Until crews were dizzy from checking buoys.

They guarded the carriers and pilots so brave,
Proud of a chance for just one to save.

They protected supplies, going endlessly on,
Working 'round the clock from dusk to dawn.

They shot down planes the enemy flew
And were badly damaged by quite a few.

They rescued men from the ocean's waters
Who were victims of the enemy plotters.

They sank enemy subs, then rescued their crew
Because they were brave and it was the right thing to do.

Though the sky may dim with the setting sun,
We will never forget their job so well done.

Anne McCarthy is a noted DE researcher and frequent contributor to DESANews and this web site.

File:Starboard view of USS Jaccard (DE-355) in Boston, September 1944 (BuShips 73395).jpg

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USS Jaccard

ยูเอส Jaccard (DE-355) เป็น จอห์นซีบัตเลอร์ -class พิฆาตคุ้มกัน มาจาก กองทัพเรือสหรัฐ ในช่วง สงครามโลกครั้งที่สอง วัตถุประสงค์หลักของเรือพิฆาตคุ้มกันคือการพิทักษ์และปกป้องเรือใน ขบวน นอกเหนือไปจากงานอื่น ๆ ที่ได้รับมอบหมายเช่นการลาดตระเวนหรือ เรดาร์รั้ว หลังสงครามเธอกลับบ้านอย่างภาคภูมิใจพร้อมกับนัก สู้ คนหนึ่ง ในเครดิตของเธอ

  • ปืน 2 × single 5 นิ้ว (127 มม.)
  • ปืน AA 2 × 40 มม. (1.6 นิ้ว)
  • ปืน AA 10 × 20 มม. (0.79 นิ้ว) เดี่ยว
  • ท่อตอร์ปิโดขนาด 1 ×สามเท่า 21 นิ้ว (533 มม.)
  • เครื่องโยน ประจุความลึก 8 ×
  • 1 × HedgehogASW ปูน
  • ชั้นวางของความลึก 2 ×

ริชาร์ดอลองโซ Jaccard เกิดเมื่อวันที่ 1 กรกฎาคม 1918 ใน ทรอยรัฐมิสซูรี่ เขาสมัครเป็นทหารใน กองทัพเรือสหรัฐสำรอง 29 ตุลาคม 1940 หลังจากนั้นเขาก็เปลี่ยนไปฝึกบินและเมื่อสำเร็จการศึกษาได้รับมอบหมาย ธง ที่ 27 กันยายน 1941 การรายงานไปยังผู้ให้บริการ เรือยูเอสเอส เอ็นเตอร์ไพรส์ ในเดือนเมษายน 1942 ธง Jaccard ต่อมามีส่วนร่วมใน ยุทธภูมิมิดเวย์ การบินในฐานะนักบินของนาวาตรี C. Wade McClusky ในระหว่างการโจมตีดำน้ำเขาเห็นได้ชัดว่าเข้าใจผิดว่าคันล่างของเขาเป็นมือเบรกและทำให้เครื่องบินของเขาช้าลงโดยการลดล้อลงแทนที่จะเป็นปีกเบรก ในขณะที่เขาพลาดเป้าหมายในการดำน้ำครั้งนั้นเขาได้รับเครดิตจากการโจมตีบน เรือ บรรทุกเครื่องบินของ กองทัพเรือจักรวรรดิญี่ปุ่น Hiryū (ต่อมาในวันเดียวกัน) และบนเรือลาดตระเวน Mogami (ในวันถัดไป)

Jaccard บินไปพร้อมกับ Bombing Squadron 6 เพื่อสนับสนุนการลงจอดที่ Guadalcanal เช่นเดียวกับ Battle of the Eastern Solomons ซึ่ง Enterprise ได้รับความเสียหายอย่างรุนแรง ระเบิด 6 ได้รับคำสั่งให้ Efate ที่ส่วนสี่เครื่องบินรวมทั้ง Jaccard ออกและส่งไปยัง ยูเอส ตัวต่อ Jaccard ถูกสังหารเมื่อ Wasp ถูก ตอร์ปิโด และจมลงในวันที่ 15 กันยายน พ.ศ. 2485

Jaccard ได้รับการ เปิดตัว โดย รวมของ บริษัท สตีล คอร์ป จำกัด ใน ออเรนจ์, เท็กซัส เมื่อวันที่ 18 มีนาคม 1944 ได้รับการสนับสนุนโดยนาง CR Jaccard แม่ของธง Jaccard เรือได้ รับการว่าจ้าง เมื่อวันที่ 26 กรกฎาคม พ.ศ. 2487 ร. ท. สหาย CR แฮมิลตันในคำสั่ง


หลังจาก การ ฝึกที่แยกออกจาก เบอร์มิวดา เรือพิฆาตลำใหม่ได้เดินทางไปยัง บอสตันแมสซาชูเซตส์ เพื่อติดตั้งอุปกรณ์อิเล็กทรอนิกส์ใหม่ Jaccard ออกเดินทางเมื่อวันที่ 29 กันยายนเพื่อไปยังเมือง นอร์ฟอล์กรัฐเวอร์จิเนีย เพื่อเข้าร่วม ฝ่ายคุ้มกัน ของเธอ และหลังจากปัญหาการสู้รบจาก เวอร์จิเนียเคปส์ได้ พา ขบวน กลับเข้าสู่ แฮมป์ตันโร้ ดส์


จากนั้น Jaccard ก็ล่องเรือในวันที่ 21 ตุลาคมผ่านคลอง ปานามา และแตะที่ฐานทัพแปซิฟิกใต้ของกองทัพเรือหลายแห่งก่อนที่จะมาถึง ฮอลแลนด์ใน วันที่ 28 พฤศจิกายน พ.ศ. 2487 หลังจาก การฝึก ต่อต้านเรือดำน้ำ หลายวัน เธอก็เดินทางไปยัง เลย์เต เมื่อมาถึงวันที่ 21 ธันวาคมและได้รับอากาศครั้งแรก โจมตี. ในช่วงหลายเดือนที่ตามพิฆาตคุ้มกันดำเนินการเป็นขบวนคุ้มกันจาก ฮอ , มนัส และ Palaus เพื่อ เต เป็น พันธมิตร กองกำลังกดไปข้างหน้าในการปลดปล่อยของ ประเทศฟิลิปปินส์ Jaccard ยังคงปฏิบัติหน้าที่นี้โดยนำขบวนเสบียงที่จำเป็นอย่างยิ่งจำนวนสิบเอ็ดขบวนจนกระทั่งเข้าร่วมกลุ่ม นักล่านักฆ่า 18 มีนาคม พ.ศ. 2488 ทางตะวันตกของฟิลิปปินส์ ในช่วงสองเดือนข้างหน้าเธอก็พาอเมริกัน เรือดำน้ำ ไปและกลับจาก อ่าวซูบิก

ในเดือนพฤษภาคม Jaccard กลับไปปฏิบัติหน้าที่คุ้มกันออกจาก Leyte Gulf แต่กลับไปที่น่านน้ำนอก มะนิลา 22 มิถุนายนเพื่อลาดตระเวนและคุ้มกันเรือดำน้ำ เธอยังคงปฏิบัติหน้าที่นี้จนกว่าจะสิ้นสุดการต่อสู้อย่างเป็นระบบจากนั้นจึงเริ่มปฏิบัติหน้าที่คุ้มกันระหว่างมะนิลาและ โอกินาว่าใน วันที่ 30 สิงหาคม พ.ศ. 2488


ในช่วงต้นปี พ.ศ. 2489 เรือเริ่มปฏิบัติการเป็นเรือคุ้มกันและเรือเมล์ระหว่างฟิลิปปินส์และท่าเรือในจีนและ เกาหลี เพื่อสนับสนุนกองทหารอเมริกันที่เหลืออยู่ในประเทศเหล่านี้เพื่อรักษาเสถียรภาพ เธอเดินทางเมื่อวันที่ 26 เมษายน พ.ศ. 2489 เพื่อไปยังสหรัฐอเมริกาและมาถึงในวันที่ 17 พฤษภาคม

หลังจากช่วงเวลาของการฝึกอบรมการดำเนินงานออกเป็น ฝั่งตะวันตกของสหรัฐ , Jaccard ปลดประจำการ ที่ Puget Sound อู่ต่อเรือ 30 กันยายน 1946 และเข้าร่วม แปซิฟิกสำรองอย่างรวดเร็ว , เบรวอชิงตัน Jaccard ถูกโจมตีจากทะเบียนเรือเดินสมุทรเมื่อวันที่ 1 พฤศจิกายน พ.ศ. 2510 และต่อมาจมลงในฐานะเป้าหมายของหน่วยนาวิกโยธินสหรัฐเมื่อวันที่ 4 ตุลาคม พ.ศ. 2511

Jaccard ได้รับหนึ่ง ดาวรบ สำหรับการรับราชการในสงครามโลกครั้งที่สอง

NavWeaps Forums

1857 – Unable to obtain trading privileges in Vietnam through diplomacy, the French begin their campaign to take Vietnam.

1864 – “Ogdensburg” was a Union screw steamer of 352 tons built in 1852 at Ohio City, Ohio. She collided with the schooner Snow Bird, 5 miles off Fairport, Ohio and sank.

1899 – First Navy wireless message sent via Lighthouse Service Station at Highlands of Navesink, New Jersey.

1918 – USS Ticonderoga (Id. No. 1958) was a steamship in the United States Navy which served as a cargo ship. She was torpedoed, shelled and sunk after a 2hr battle with German submarine U-152 in the North Atlantic. 213 killed.

1942 - Two pilots are killed and two injured when Lockheed P-38G-5-LO Lightning, 42-12854, piloted by William C. McConnell, by one source, or William M. McConnell, by another, taking off from the Lockheed Air Terminal, Burbank, California, on a test flight, swerves out of control, plows through several parked training planes, ignites, and damages a hangar of the Pacific Airmotive Company. McConnell, of San Fernando, California, a Lockheed test pilot for about two years, is killed. "The other pilot killed was identified from papers on his body as Eddie C. Wike, of Sharon, Conn., student flier from Ryan Aeronautical school at Hemet, who was near the group of parked training planes when the accident occurred. The two injured men were John Waide, Ryan instructor from Hemet, and Harold Keefe of Hollywood, representative of an airplane engine company." Parked aircraft damaged or destroyed were Ryan PT-22s, 41-15341, 41-15610, 41-20852, and a fourth with an incorrectly recorded serial that ties up to an AT-6A-NT Texan rather than the reported PT-22.

1942 - "Hondo, Texas, Sept. 30 - Two officers and two enlisted men were killed in an airplane accident near the A.A.F. navigation school here. The dead included Capt. John G. Rafferty, 40, Monrovia, California." Lockheed A-28A-LO Hudson, 42-46980, of the 846 th School Squadron, Hondo Army Airfield Navigation School, Texas, crashed 2.5 miles E - 1.5 mile N of the base due to a spin / stall after takeoff. Capt. Rafferty was the pilot.

1944 - Grumman F6F-3 Hellcat, BuNo. 42782, lost 125 miles (201 km) SE of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts during carrier qualifications. Pilot's name/fate unknown. Located by submarine DSV Alvin, 24 September 1968.

1949 – After 15 months and more than 250,000 flights, the Berlin Airlift officially comes to an end.

1954 – The USS Nautilus (SSN-571) is commissioned by the U.S. Navy.

1965 – Test pilot Pete Knight flew the X-15 to 23,348 meters (76,604 feet) and Mach 4.20.

1974 – Former USS Pettit (DE-253) was sunk as a target off Puerto Rico.

1990 - SH-60B, BuNo 162343 of HSL-43, crashed into sea off Oregon killing all three crew aboard while deployed with USS Crommelin (FFG-37) at the time, headed north along the western coast off Oregon during workups.

1996 - Air Force Academy Slingsby T-3A Firefly crashes 30 miles E of Colorado Springs, Colorado when the crew, who had been practicing a forced landing, suffer engine failure during the key part of the manoeuvre, the instructor and student both killed.

Sep 29, 2018 #1202 2018-09-29T22:58

Sep 30, 2018 #1203 2018-09-30T20:08

1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England - in possibly the first official speech made in English.
1791 - Mozart's Magic Flute opening night.
1888 - Third and fourth victims of Jack the Ripper are murdered in Whitechapel, London.
1938 - Munich Agreement is signed.

Sep 30, 2018 #1204 2018-09-30T23:13

1880 – John Philip Sousa started his 12-year tour as director of the US Marine Band. He premiered many of his marches and produced the first commercial phonograph recordings.

1917 – Revenue Cutter Mohawk sank due to a collision with the British tanker S.S. Vennacher, while on patrol off Sandy Hook, NJ.

1918 - USS SC-60 was in a collision with the tanker Fred M. Weller, five miles south of Ambrose Channel lightship and 2 miles north of Shrewsbury Rock gas buoy, off New York. Two crewmen were killed.

1934 – Adolph Hitler expanded the German army and navy and created an air force, violating Treaty of Versailles.

1942 – Bell P-59 Airacomet, 1st US jet, made its maiden flight.

1942 – USS Grouper (SS-214) torpedoes Lisbon Maru not knowing she is carrying British PoWs from Hong Kong.

1942 - The Associated Press reported from San Juan, Puerto Rico, that a USAAF transport had crashed in the mountains NW of the town of Coamo, in southern Puerto Rico, killing all 22 on board. "Names of the dead were not announced immediately pending notification of relatives in the United States. Several civilians were known to have been aboard. The plane crashed shortly after its takeoff. It took hours for a searching party working afoot in the difficult mountain country to locate the wreckage." Douglas C-39, 38-524, c/n 2081, of the 20th Troop Carrier Squadron, assigned at Losey Field, Puerto Rico, piloted by Francis H. Durant, crashed 15 mi NW of Coamo.

1942 – “Visalia, CA” Two Army aviation cadets and a civilian instructor were killed today in the mid-air collision of two primary training planes near Seville, five miles from their Sequoia field base. They were Cadets Mike Mumolo, 25, Los Angeles, and James Cameron Schwindt, 19, Santa Paul, and Instructor Edward Hedrick, 47, formerly of Ontario." Ryan PT-22s, 41-20658, flown by Schwindt, and 41-20661, flown by Mumolo, came down 7 mi E of Sequoia Field.

1946 – Eleven Nazi war criminals were sentenced to be hanged at Nuremberg trials– Hermann Goring, Alfred Jodl, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Wilhelm Keitel, Joachin von Ribbentrop, Fritz Saukel, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Julius Streicher, and Alfred Rosenberg. Karl Donitz was sentenced to 10 years in prison.

1947 – First flight of the F-86 Sabre.

1951 – The all-African-American 24th Infantry Regiment and 159th Field Artillery Battalion, 25th Infantry Division, were disbanded and the personnel reassigned to formerly all-white units. Other formerly all-African-American units were infused with white soldiers, thus beginning racial integration in the Army.

1952 - U.S. Navy Grumman TBM-3S2 Avenger, BuNo 53439, of Air Anti-Submarine Squadron-23, NAS San Diego, California, on night radar bombing training flight strikes Pacific Ocean surface at 110 knots (200 km/h)

2 1/2 miles W of Point Loma. Both crew survive the accidental ditching, with pilot Lt. Ross C. Genz, USNR, rescued after four hours in a life raft by a civilian ship, but radarman AN Harold B. Tenney, USN, apparently drowns after evacuating the bomber and is never seen again. Wreckage discovered in 1992 during underwater survey.

1953 - A USAF North American TB-25J, 44-86779A, built as a B-25J-30/32-NC, (Joe Baugher states that it was modified and redesignated to TB-25N status, but the official accident report refers to it as a TB-25J) attached to Andrews AFB, Maryland, crashes in fog and heavy overcast into the forested pinnacle of historic Pine Mountain, striking Dowdell's Knob at

2130 hrs., near Warm Springs in western Georgia, killing five of six on board, said spokesmen at Lawson AFB. The bomber struck the 1,395-foot peak at the 1,340-foot level. It had departed from Eglin AFB, Florida, at 1930 hrs. for Andrews AFB. Two Eglin airmen were among those KWF.

The sole survivor, Richard Kendall Schmidt, 19, of Rumson, New Jersey, a Navy fireman assigned to the crash crew at NAS Whiting Field, Florida, who had hitch-hiked a ride on the aircraft, was found by two farmers who heard the crash and hiked to the spot from their mountainside homes "and found the sailor shouting for help as he lay in the midst of scattered wreckage and mutilated bodies.

They said [that] they found a second man alive but base officials said [that] he died before he could be given medical attention." First on the scene was Lee Wadsworth, of Manchester, Georgia, who, while visiting his father-in-law, Homer G. Swan, in Pine Mountain Valley, had heard and seen the Mitchell in level flight at very low altitude AGL on an easterly course moments before impact at

2130 hrs. Immediately following the crash, Wadsworth, Swan, and Wadsworth's brother-in-law, Billy Colquitt, drove a truck to the knob, arriving there at 2145 hrs. After a short search, they smelled gasoline and heard the cries for help from Schmidt. They proceeded to render aid for two and a half hours until the first medical help arrived, in the person of Dr. Bates from Pine Mountain Valley. Schmidt was loaded into Dr. Bates' automobile and was driven east towards Columbus to meet the military ambulance dispatched from Martin Army hospital at Fort Benning. The semi-conscious man had died of his injuries some 35 minutes after the first responders got to him. The Air Police, and Sheriff and Coroner for Harris County arrived at

Tom Baxley, one of the farmers, said that the bodies of the dead, most of them torn by the collision, were flung about among the pine trees, and bits of the plane were hurled over a wide area. Schmidt was hospitalized with a possible hip fracture and cuts. Among the fatalities were two airmen assigned to Eglin AFB who had also hitch-hiked a ride and were on their way home on leave. The impact location is on the site of the proposed $40,000,000 Hall of History to mark a scenic point frequented by the late President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Killed were Capt. Stephen A. Clisham, pilot Capt. Virgil G. Harris, co-pilot T/Sgt. Othelier B. Hoke, flight engineer and passengers A3C Robert W. Davidson, and A2C Benny J. Shepard. Shepard, riding in the waist section aft the bomb bay, as was Schmidt, survived the initial impact and was thrown from the wreckage, but died of his severe injuries before assistance arrived.

1953 - "An Air Force F-86 Sabre jet, its electric firing device out of order, sprayed this western Pennsylvania town (Farrell, Pennsylvania) with machine gun bullets for several terror-filled seconds. The whining .50 caliber slugs riddled 12 autos, setting two afire and tore into nearly 30 buildings and homes yesterday (1 October). No one was hurt although several persons had narrow escapes. 'Something happened to one of its machine guns,' Police Chief John J. Stosito said after a conference with Maj. A. F. Martin Jr. of the Vienna Air Force Base near Warren, Ohio. The plane was on a routine flight from the base. Name of the pilot was withheld. Witnesses said [that] the craft was several thousand feet up as it zoomed over the city. Martin, who came here to conduct an investigation, said [that] there is "only about one chance in a million" of such a thing happening and added [that] the Air Force would pay all damages."

1955 – Commissioning of USS Forrestal (CVA-59), first of postwar supercarriers.

1957 - Aborted takeoff at Homestead AFB, Florida, causes write-off of Boeing B-47B-50-BW Stratojet, 51-2317, of the 379th Bomb Wing. Gear collapses, aircraft burns, but base fire department is able to quench flames such that crew escapes – pilots blow canopy to get out, navigator egresses through his escape hatch.

1958 – Inauguration of NASA.

1961 – The United States Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is formed, becoming the country’s first centralized military espionage organization.

1970 - A US Army helicopter was fired on by North Korean gun positions along the Korean DMZ.

1970 – Former USS Atlanta (CL-104) was converted to a weapons effect target (IX-304) in 1964 but survived the test. She was again used as a target, being sunk off St. Clemente Island, CA.


Richard Alonzo Jaccard was born on 1 July 1918 in Troy, Missouri. He enlisted in the U.S. Naval Reserve on 29 October 1940. He later underwent flight training and upon graduation was commissioned Ensign on 27 September 1941. Reporting to the carrier USS Enterprise in April 1942, Ensign Jaccard later took part in the Battle of Midway. Flying as a wingman to Lieutenant Commander C. Wade McClusky during his dive attack he apparently mistook his undercarriage lever for the wing-brake lever and slowed his plane by lowering his wheels instead of his brake flaps. While he missed his target on that dive, he is credited with a hit on the Imperial Japanese Navy carrier Hiryū (later the same day) and on cruiser Mogami (the next day).

Jaccard flew with Bombing Squadron 6 in support of the landings at Guadalcanal as well as the Battle of the Eastern Solomons in which Enterprise was severely damaged. Bombing 6 was ordered to Efate where a four-plane division including Jaccard was detached and sent to the USS Wasp. Jaccard was killed when Wasp was torpedoed and sunk on 15 September 1942.

Atmospheric CO2 Levels Graph

This graph features atmospheric CO2 levels that combine measurements from as far back as 800,000 years up to the present day with an atmospheric temperature overlay option. The graph is customizable and can be resized, printed, or pasted into your website. This is a free service, but we do ask for a donation if you find this useful. This is a project of the 2 Degrees Institute, a non-profit organization.

Embed this interactive graph on your website

Choose a theme and then copy & paste the code below where you would like it to appear on your website.

Data Sources

800,000 years ago - 1000 years ago

Changes in past atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations can be determined by measuring the composition of air trapped in ice cores from Antarctica. So far, the Antarctic Vostok and EPICA Dome C ice cores have provided a composite record of atmospheric carbon dioxide levels over the past 800,000 years.

Credits: Bernhard Bereiter, Sarah Eggleston, Jochen Schmitt, Christoph Nehrbass-Ahles, Thomas F. Stocker, Hubertus Fischer, Sepp Kipfstuhl and Jerome Chappellaz. 2015.

1000 years ago - 1958

Historical CO2 record from the Law Dome DE08, DE08-2, and DSS ice cores

Credits: D.M. Etheridge, L.P. Steele, R.L. Langenfelds, R.J. Francey and the Division of Atmospheric Research, CSIRO, Aspendale, Victoria, Australia

1958 - Present Day

Atmospheric CO2 concentrations (ppm) derived from in situ air measurements at Mauna Loa, Observatory, Hawaii.

Credits: Dr. Pieter Tans (NOAA/ESRL), Dr. Ralph Keeling, S. J. Walker, S. C. Piper and A. F. Bollenbacher (Scripps Institution of Oceanography)

Our Team of Scientific Advisors

Dr. Pieter Tans
NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory

Dr. Jeremy Shakun
Boston College

Dr. Geoff Dutton
NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory

Dr. Ed Dlugokencky
NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory

Key features

Real-time and Historical data

CO2 levels are updated daily with data directly from NOAA's science lab on the slopes of Moana Loa volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii. Atmospheric carbon dioxide measurements have been collected here daily since 1959. Pre-1959 data comes from ice core data taken from Antarctica. Historical and current atmospheric temperature can be overlayed on the graph. Learn more about the data sources.

Free CO2 Levels Graph

This interactive graph is free to use on your website. Simply choose your color theme and then copy and paste 2 lines of code. Data and source code is hosted on our servers so you do not have to worry about using up your server's bandwidth. New CO2 measurement data is updated automatically every day and temperature data is updated monthly.

Zoomable and Printable

View atmospheric CO2 levels and/or temperature over a span of thousands of years or zoom to specific time periods. Use your fingers to pinch and zoom on a handheld device or use a mouse with a computer. Export the chart to PNG, JPG, PDF or SVG format with the click of a button or print the chart directly from the web page.

Customizable and Responsive

Choose from 4 color themes to match your website's look and feel. Customize the width and height of your graph or have it fill your entire screen. The carbon dioxide levels graph is responsive and can automatically resize to fit whatever device or screen size it is being viewed on.

Destroyer Escort Camouflage Tests 1944

In October 1944, joint tests were conducted using three U.S. Navy destroyer escorts wearing British Admiralty and U.S. Navy camouflage designs “to evaluate the relative effectiveness of British and American Camouflage Measures under varied lighting and atmospheric conditions at sea.” Six camouflage schemes were used in the tests: USN Measure 12, USN Measure 22, USN Measure 32/3D(ex), USN Measure 33/3D(ex), Admiralty Type “A” described as a “General Purpose Design for all Fleet Units. Object &ndash to reduce visibility at dawn and dusk, and at night to confuse inclination” and Admiralty Type “D” which was “For Anti-Submarine Escort Vessels only. Object &ndash to delay sighting by surfaced submarines in darkness.”Each destroyer escort carried two schemes one on port and another on starboard.


The Ships

The three ships eventually used in the tests were WGT type destroyer escorts USS Doyle C. Barnes (DE-353) USS Kenneth M. Willet (DE-354) and USS Jaccard (DE-355) all from the John C. Butler class. All three were newly constructed and just out of shakedown and training and so were readily available. Drawings for the camouflages to be used in the tests had been prepared earlier in August and September. Doyle C. Barnes used USN Measures 12 and 22, Kenneth M. Willet used Admiralty Types “A” and “D” and Jaccard used Measures 32 and 33 Design 3D (ex).

Test Procedure

“Continuous trials were held at sea in the Chesapeake Bay Area on the 2nd and 3rd of October 1944. Representatives of the British Admiralty and the U.S. Navy witnessed the exercises aboard the Edward H. Allen (DE-531) and from the observation plane. Motion pictures and still photographs were made from the ship on both days and from the plane on the first day only.

“The three camouflaged destroyer escorts operated in company according to previously planned maneuvers. During the trials, both the observing and observed ships kept detailed logs of course, relative bearing, range, visibility and weather conditions.” *

Watch the video: sửa xe ga khó nổtìm hiểu nguyên nhân (June 2022).


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