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Laurel ScStr - History

Laurel ScStr - History

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The first Laurel, a screw steamer, was built in 1862 for the Army at St. Louis as Erebu,. She was transferred from the War Department to the Navy 30 August 1862 and renamed Laurel 19 October.

The tug operated on the Mississippi for the remainder of the Civil War supporting operations of both the Army and Navy which cut the Confederacy in two and deprived southern armies in the East of men, food, and equipment from the rich region west of the Mississippi.

After the war ended, she assisted in the demobilization of' the Mississippi Squadron before decommissioning at Mound City, Ill., 12 August 1865. She was sold at auction there 5 days later to Sol. A. Silver. Documented as Laurcl 2 January 1867, the tug remained in service until abandoned in 1903.

The laurels that are being referred to when someone is said to 'rest on his laurels' are the aromatically scented Laurus Nobilis trees or, more specifically, their leaves. The trees are known colloquially as Sweet Bay and are commonly grown as culinary or ornamental plants. That is the plant that laurel wreaths are made from.

The origins of the phrase lie in ancient Greece, where laurel wreaths were symbols of victory and status. Of course, ancient Greece is where history and mythology were frequently mixed, so we need to tread carefully. The pre-Christian Greeks associated their god Apollo with laurel - that much is historical fact, as this image of Apollo wearing a laurel wreath on a 2nd century BC coin indicates. The reason for that association takes us into the myth of Apollo's love for the nymph Daphne, who turned into a Bay tree just as Apollo approached her (anything could happen if you were a Greek god). Undeterred, Apollo embraced the tree, cut off a branch to wear as a wreath and declared the plant sacred. Their belief in the myth caused the Greeks to present laurel wreaths to winners in the Pythian Games, which were held at Delphi in honour of Apollo every four years from the 6th century BC.

Following the decline of the Greek and Roman empires, the use of wreaths of laurel as emblems of victory seems to have taken a long holiday and didn't re-emerge until the Middle Ages. Geoffrey Chaucer referred to laurels in that context in The Knight's Tale, circa 1385:

With laurer corouned as a conquerour
And there he lyueth in ioye and in honour .

[With laurel crowned as conqueror
There he lived in joy and honour

A 'laureate' was originally a person crowned with a laurel wreath. We continue to call those who are especially honoured laureates although the laurel leaves are usually kept for the kitchen these days. Nevertheless, laureates benefit in other ways Nobel Laureates get a nice medal and 10 million Swedish Krona and Poets Laureate (in the UK at least) get a useful salary and a butt of sack (barrel of sherry).

As to the phrase's meaning, to 'rest on your laurels' isn't considered at all a praiseworthy strategy - it suggests a decline into laziness and lack of application. That's not the original meaning. When 'rest on your laurels' or, as it was initially, 'repose on your laurels' was coined it was invariably part of a valedictory speech for some old soldier or retiring official. An early example of that usage is found in The Memoirs of the Cardinal de Retz, 1723:

The Duke [of Orleans] was old enough to take his Repose under the Shadow of his Laurels.

Of course, the 'repose' was figurative - no one was imagining someone sleeping on a bed of laurel leaves, although the citation above could be construed as referring to laurel trees rather than laurel wreaths. No such doubts with a slightly later citation from the London-based Gentleman's Magazine, 1733, on the retirement of a schoolmaster of Westminster School:

So thou, paternal Sage, may'st now repose.
Nor seek new Laurels to adorn thy Brows.

As soon as we move into the energetic 19th century, the meaning changes and the phrase is used with a distinctly disapproving tone. The review magazine The Literary Chronicle, 1825, which praises the work of Maria Edgeworth:

We do not affect to wish she should repose on her laurels and rest satisfied on the contrary, we believe that genius is inexhaustible. For Miss Edgeworth there must be no rest on this side the grave.

We are hardly any more charitable these days. 'One-hit wonders' are sneered at and, with proper Anglo-Saxon earnestness, Anthony Burgess dismissed his fellow author Joseph Heller's inability to write a second book for 13 years following the success of Catch-22 by sniping that "Heller suffers from that fashionable American disease, writer's block".

- Laurel Mountain -

Nestled in Laurel Mountain State Park, Laurel Mountain Ski Resort is an iconic and revered skiers’ mountain located in Ligonier, PA. Not only does Laurel Mountain boast the highest vertical drop on the Laurel Ridge in Pennsylvania at 761 feet, the mountain is famous for its double diamond Lower Wildcat Slope, the steepest in the state which averages near 60% slope. Lower Wildcat is a breathtaking run that, for the avid skier, simply must be taken.

Laurel Mountain’s distinct character is the result of a rich history. The slopes were originally designed by European skiing legend Johann “Hannes” Schneider, the renowned Austrian ski guide and inventor of the Arlberg Method, the basis of modern alpine ski technique. The resort opened in 1940, just before the U.S. entered World War II, and some of the original structures, including the storied Midway Cabin, still stand on the property. Once an exclusive club for the most prestigious residents of Pennsylvania, Laurel Mountain was gifted to the commonwealth in 1964 and is now a winter playground for everyone.

With its rich history and majestic long-range views, Laurel Mountain stands as testament to the strength of the region’s ski industry. Just 72 miles east of Pittsburgh, Laurel Mountain joins its neighboring sister resorts, Seven Springs and Hidden Valley, to create the premier snowsports destination in Pennsylvania’s Laurel Highlands.

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Laurel County Public Library
116 E Fourth St
London, KY 40741

Laurel County Historical Society
310 West Third Street
London, KY 40741
Ph: (606) 864-0607
Mailing Address:
P.O. Box 816
London, KY 40743

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100 W. Broadway
Frankfort, KY 40601

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Frankfort, KY 40621

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Washington man arrested, charged with armed robbery and carjacking in Laurel

Detectives from Laurel Police Department arrested Anthony Carlos Thomas Jr., 18, of Washington, D.C., on May 5 and charged him with an armed robbery and carjacking that occurred earlier that morning.

At approximately 10:32 a.m., officers responded to the AT&T store in the Laurel Town Center for the report of an armed robbery in progress. Upon arrival, Thomas, who was still inside the business, fled out the store’s back door and ran toward Baltimore Avenue, police said.

Officers chased Thomas on foot to the area of Cherry Lane and Baltimore Avenue, where Thomas committed a carjacking at gunpoint, police said. While attempting to flee, Thomas collided with two other vehicles at the intersection of Cherry Lane and Baltimore Avenue, police said.

Thomas fled the scene of the collision on foot and was apprehended by Laurel police officers a short distance away. He was placed under arrest and taken to a hospital due to injuries he sustained in the collision. He was treated and released into police custody. He is being held at the Prince George’s County Department of Corrections.

Overcoming A 'Long, Bitter Relationship,' Grand Canyon And Tribes Mark Centennial

The view of the Grand Canyon from the top floor of Desert View Watchtower on the southeastern rim. Eleven tribes have traditional ties to the Grand Canyon.

Over the last century the geologic wonder of the Grand Canyon has inspired poets, painters, archaeologists and biologists. This week — on Tuesday, Feb. 26 — the Grand Canyon celebrates its 100 years as a National Park. But long before it became a national park, the Grand Canyon was a place many Native Americans called home.

That's what Carletta Tilousi still calls it.

"Most Americans think Native Americans are gone but we're still here," Tilousi says. Tilousi is a Havasupai council member and grew up in the Grand Canyon.

"This is the home of Native Americans and our stories need to be told," Tilousi says. "I think Havasupai we've been ignored for a long time."

It's been a really long, bitter relationship with the park.

Carletta Tilousi, Havasupai tribal member

In the late 1800s the federal government sequestered the Havasupai to a side canyon. It wasn't until 1975 that the tribe was given back some of their ancestral land.

"The park forcefully removed my family — my great aunts and my great grandfather," Tilousi says. "And that really made me personally very angry as a child. It's been a really long, bitter relationship with the park."

Today the National Park Service is required to consult with the 11 tribes traditionally associated with the canyon when making changes that might have an impact on them.

But only in the last decade have tribal leaders been willing to sit down with park staff. In those meetings they've asked the park for an opportunity to tell their stories. They hope to do so at a new Desert View Inter-tribal Cultural Heritage Site being designed by the National Park service to mark the occasion of the park's centennial.

Architect Mary Colter modeled the Desert Watchtower, a 70-foot-tall structure on the southeastern rim of the Grand Canyon, after an Ancestral Puebloan building. Laurel Morales/KJZZ hide caption

Architect Mary Colter modeled the Desert Watchtower, a 70-foot-tall structure on the southeastern rim of the Grand Canyon, after an Ancestral Puebloan building.

"This whole project is propped up on trust that we will do what we say we will do," says Jenn O'Neill, the park's partnerships and planning coordinator.

The park has also preserved some existing cultural heritage sites in the canyon, including the Desert View Watchtower on the southeastern rim. The 70-foot tall stone building is modeled after an Ancestral Puebloan dwelling. Inside the building, the park is restoring renowned Hopi artist Fred Kabotie's murals.

In 1933 architect Mary Colter commissioned Hopi artist Fred Kabotie to paint murals like this one inside Desert View Watchtower. Volunteers are now working to restore them. Laurel Morales/KJZZ hide caption

"And they have spent the last three years cleaning with Q-tips and brushes every square inch of the murals," O'Neill says. She is hopeful that, once this project is up and running, the rest of the park will follow suit by providing other places for tribes to share their history with visitors.

"We don't want to dispatch all things native to the farthest corner of the park," O'Neill says. "We want to create a program that works and is sustainable and then it will move into the larger park."

This project is welcome but there are still some key tensions between the park and tribes. For instance the park currently only lets Native artists sell their artwork under strict regulations. They're limited to just selling crafts they've shown visitors how to create in cultural demonstrations.

Mable Franklin, who is Navajo, says the next step is economic empowerment.

"We would like to see our communities put their wares [on display for sale in the park] and generate revenue from that because in our community we have a lot of people that are vendors and that's their way of life and that sustains them out here," Franklin says.

Until that rule changes, Franklin hopes the six million annual visitors to the Grand Canyon will consider taking a short side trip just 30 miles east of the park to the Navajo Nation. There, in the community of Cameron, artists can earn a living selling all of their work.

The True History of 'Yanny' and 'Laurel'

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If you somehow haven't already over the last few days, listen to this audio recording right now. What do you hear? Is the person saying "Yanny" or "Laurel"? If you heard the second answer, you're technically correct. But more importantly: Here's the backstory of where the audio clip came from—and how it went viral—down to the person who recorded it.

There are a few partial explanations for how Yanny and Laurel became 2018's version of "the dress," which similarly tore the internet apart three years ago. The now-infamous audio recording itself originated on the resource website Vocabulary.com, under the entry for "laurel," defined as a "wreath worn on the head, usually as a symbol of victory." And a number of publications have traced the meme back to Reddit, where the user RolandCamry posted it to the subreddit r/blackmagicfuckery, a forum for discussing unbelievable natural phenomena. The meme was then picked up on Twitter by Cloe Feldman, a popular YouTuber with over 610,000 subscribers.

But Yanny and Laurel didn't actually start on Reddit. Like any good meme, it started with teens.

On May 11, Katie Hetzel, a freshman at Flowery Branch High School in Georgia, was studying for her world literature class, where "laurel" was one of her vocabulary words. She looked it up on Vocabulary.com and played the audio. Instead of the word in front of her, she heard "yanny."

"I asked my friends in my class and we all heard mixed things," says Hetzel. She then posted the audio clip to her Instagram story. Soon, a senior at the same school, Fernando Castro, republished the clip to his Instagram story as a poll. "She recorded it and put it on her story then I remade the video and posted it," Castro says. "Katie and I have been going back and forth and we both agree that we had equal credit on it."

Reddit user RolandCamry, a friend of Castro's, says he then took the video from Castro's Instagram and posted it to r/blackmagicfuckery. "I originally saw it on an Instagram story," says RolandCamry. "From there I put it on Reddit."

That explains how Laurel and Yanny went viral. But where did the audio clip actually come from? While many have speculated that it was computer-generated, the reading was actually recorded by an opera singer in New York in December of 2007.

"It's an incredible story, it is a person, he is a member of the original cast of Cats on Broadway," says Marc Tinkler, the CTO and cofounder of Vocabulary.com. He says that when the site first launched, they wanted to find individuals who had strong pronunciation, and could read words written in the international phonetic alphabet, a standardized representation of sounds in any spoken language. Many opera singers know how to read IPA, because they have to sing in languages they don't speak.

"We hired a bunch of opera singers to record 200,000 words, basically," says Tinkler. He didn't want to reveal the pronouncer's name, since he doesn't know if they're comfortable potentially becoming a viral star. The same person recorded more than 36,000 words for Vocabulary.com, according to Tinkler. He added that his favorite word spoken by the same person is "audacity."

Tinkler says he doesn't know exactly why people hear different things when they listen to the recording, but that it might have to do with the fact that the word is said without any other context, meaning it's not part of a full sentence. "We set [the singers] up with laptops with really great microphones in a DIY sound booth. They would just sit there and a word would appear on the screen and they would say it. They did this thousands of times."

'We hired a bunch of opera singers to record 200,000 words, basically.'

Marc Tinkler, Vocabulary.com

Thankfully, scientists have an explanation for why people hear different things when they listen to the recording. A number of academics chimed in to explain the phenomenon on Twitter. They said that the clip is an "ambiguous figure," or as one auditory neuroscientist explained it to The Verge 1 , the audio version of "Rubin's Vase," an optical illusion where two people's profiles can also be seen as a flower vase. In other words, it's an optical illusion, except for your ears. There's not really a correct answer either way. The reason that the recording is so contested is likely because it's noisy, meaning there are lots of different frequencies captured. What you hear depends on which frequencies your brain emphasizes.

The higher frequency sounds in the recording make people hear "Yanny," whereas the lower frequencies cause others to swear they hear "Laurel." What you hear depends on what sounds your brain is paying attention to, your past experiences, and what you're expecting to hear. What word you experience might also have to do with your age. Older adults often start losing their hearing within the higher-frequency range, meaning it's possible that more young people hear "Yanny."

5 Things to Do in Laurel, Mississippi

If you&aposre looking for a weekend destination, set your sights on Laurel, Mississippi. It&aposs a lovely small town about 30 minutes northeast of Hattiesburg, and it&aposs the perfect spot for a family trip. HGTV&aposs new Southern couple calls Laurel home, and we are completely charmed. Erin and Ben Napier are Mississippi&aposs answer to Waco, Texas&apos Chip and Joanna Gaines, and they are just as welcoming as their hometown. In fact, their show is called Home Town, and it follows their renovation adventures as they help a new-to-Laurel family find and fix up a place to call their own. Here are five fun things you have to do if you find yourself in Erin and Ben&aposs Southern stomping grounds.

1. Have the Laurel Main Street Experience
Laurel is a quintessential small Southern town, and Erin and Ben are working to preserve the close-knit charm that defines their community. Laurel&aposs Main Street is the perfect place to experience that sense of community. Over the past few years, it has become a bustling destination filled with inspired shops, restaurants, and events—like the annual Chili Cook-Off—that bring the entire town out to play. As Laurel mayor Johnny Magee said in his 2017 State of the City address, "New businesses are opening all over town, and downtown Laurel is experiencing a major revival."

2. Explore Art with the Whole Family
Stop by the Lauren Rogers Museum of Art, which offers thought-provoking exhibitions and stunning collections of silver, American art, European art, and Japanese woodblock prints. The museum&aposs children&aposs pottery classes and seasonal festivals provide fun for everyone. A visit to this fantastic museum is always at the top of any Laurel to-do list.

3. Shop Erin and Ben&aposs Picks
While in Laurel, you can&apost miss Laurel Mercantile Co., Erin and Ben&aposs downtown shop filled with heirloom wares and inspired goods. Whether it&aposs a cast-iron skillet, an heirloom rolling pin, or a candle that smells of sweet olive blossom, you&aposre guaranteed to find something that you&aposll want to take home and treasure.

4. Celebrate a Day in the Park
For 45 years, the Laurel Arts League has hosted Day in the Park, a festival that brings the entire town together for a spring celebration. Held in May every year, the event has something for everyone—music, a 5K race and fun run, great food, arts and crafts, and enough activities to keep kids entertained all day. It&aposs the epitome of a small-town Saturday, and it&aposs held in Laurel&aposs Mason Park.

5. Enjoy a Classic Laurel Treat
After exploring Laurel&aposs parks, oak-lined streets, and downtown shops, you&aposll want to stop by one of the town&aposs restaurants and bakeries for a meal. Try Lee&aposs Coffee and Tea for, sure, coffee and tea, but also paninis and French onion soup Sweet Somethings Bakery for cookies, candies, and truffles and Cafe la Fleur for a lunch or dinner with New Orleans flair.

It&aposs an exciting time to visit Laurel, because this Mississippi town is quickly becoming an unmissable Southern destination. Check out other small towns around the South, such as Paris, Texas, and Helen, Georgia, for travel inspiration, and plan a memory-making trip with your family soon.

Arrow: Why Oliver Ended Up With Felicity (Not Laurel)

Oliver's original love interest on Arrow was Laurel, but it was Felicity who he ultimately ended up with. Here's why the series changed course.

Laurel Lance (Katie Cassidy) was clearly set up to be Oliver’s primary love interest on Arrow, so why did the Emerald Archer end up with Felicity Smoak (Emily Bett Rickards) instead? Oliver (Stephen Amell) and Laurel had romantic feelings for each other in the beginning of the series, but at least one of them moved on. A love story between Oliver and Felicity took shape starting in season 2, culminating in a wedding in season 6.

Laurel Lance was introduced in the pilot episode as the ex-girlfriend that Oliver Queen betrayed by sleeping with her sister, whom he took aboard the Queen’s Gambit, where she was presumably killed. Laurel was working as a lawyer when Oliver returned from his five-year absence. She understandably resented Oliver for what he did and initially served as a staunch opponent of his vigilante persona, “The Hood”. Despite their problems, romantic feelings between them lingered, but the series eventually moved on from their relationship and focused instead on putting Oliver and Felicity together.

Some have attributed the decision to abandon Laurel as the main love interest to Felicity’s popularity, but it goes deeper than that. Oliver not being with Laurel has a lot to do with his character’s arc in seasons 1 and 2. Oliver and Laurel did share a few romantic moments, and at the end of season 1, Oliver finally decided to get together with her again. That changed after the death of Tommy Merlyn (Colin Donell), which devastated both characters and caused them to rethink their relationship, with Laurel feeling that she had betrayed Tommy. Plus, Laurel developed a vendetta against the Hood, which complicated things further. Also, Oliver was against resuming their romance. Around this time, Arrow put less focus on Oliver’s relationship with Laurel and more so on his budding dynamic with Felicity.

According to Stephen Amell, Laurel not dying in season 4 wouldn’t have made a difference when it came to their romance, as it he was never going to get back together with Laurel. This was illustrated in her death scene, when she admitted that she was still in love with Oliver, but acknowledged that she wasn’t the love of Oliver’s life. Arrowverse producer Marc Guggenheim has explained in the past that even though Green Arrow and Black Canary are supposed to be together in the comics, Arrow is telling its own story. Guggenheim has said that Arrow finished its Oliver-Laurel love story in season 1, and that the writers had no intention of going back to it [via DC Comics].

Emily Bett Rickards’ performance and chemistry with Stephen Amell’s Oliver worked so well for the show that it felt like the natural direction for the show, even if it wasn’t what was originally planned for the show. Felicity was a minor character from the beginning, but as the story progressed, it became apparent to the writers that Felicity was the character Oliver should end up with.

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Watch the video: José P. Laurel, Temptation and Collaborationism in Japan During WWII (June 2022).


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