Julius Martov Julius Martov played a lead role in the years leading up to the Russian Revolution. Martov was born in 1873. Like many of the early revolutionaries, Martov came from a middle class family. He became of close colleague of Lenin and, despite his more privileged background (when compared to the bulk of Russia's population) he was appalled at the lifestyle of the poor in Russia.
Category Course of History
Just how serious a problem are street gangs in the UK? To what extent are street gangs an important component involved in serious criminal activity or is it more a case of groups of young people 'hanging around' with one another who get involved in what is referred to as the occasional 'petty crime'?
The two founders of Marxism were Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Karl Marx wrote “The Communist Manifesto” which lays out the foundations of Marxism. He also wrote 'Das Kapital'. These volumes critically analysed capitalism. Engels edited in part 'Das Kapital' and he also wrote 'The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State', a book which links capitalism to the family.
The British Army had created its first commando unit in 1940 and from 1942 on, it joined with the Royal Marines. The Royal Marines had a proud history even before the outbreak of World War Two. It was during the 1939-45 war, that the Royal Marines took on a commando role, linking the regiment to the Army Commandos that already existed.
The US Ranger's played a significant part in World War Two in some of the most important battles of the war - North Africa, Sicily and D-Day at Omaha Beach in particular. Based on the role of the British Commandos, the US Rangers had their own creed: Recognizing that I volunteered as a Ranger, fully knowing the hazards of my chosen profession, I will always endeavor to uphold the prestige, honor, and high esprit de corps of the Rangers.
Marxists essentially see crime and deviance as defined by the ruling class and used as a means of social control - if you don't conform then you will be punished. Institutions such as the police, the justice system, prisons and schools, the family and religion are there to encourage you to conform. They argue that white collar crimes (which tend to be committed by the more powerful in society) are ignored, while crimes committed by the less powerful in society such as burglary and street crime are focussed on and seen as more serious.
The legendary raid on the port at Bordeaux by the Cockleshell Heroes in December 1942 could not have gone ahead without the Royal Marines using highly reliable canoes. At this stage of World War Two, canoes were only used by what we would now call Special Forces - men who operated outside of the 'normal' ways of combat.
Lavr Kornilov Lavr Kornilov found fame by attempting to over throw Kerensky's Provisional Government in 1917. Kornilov was a general in the Imperial Russian Army and he wanted Russia governed by a military dictatorship. Kornilov was born in August 1870 in Ust-Kamenogorsk, Western Siberia. He graduated from the Mikhailovsky Artillery training Corps in 1892.
Agricultural changes under Stalin from 1928 to 1935 “en-gb”> collectivisation2 Agricultural changes under Stalin from 1928 to 1935 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 Grain 73.3 71.1 83.5 69.5 69.6 68.4 67.6 75.0 Cattle 70.5 67.1 52.5 47.9 40.7 38.4 42.4 49.3 Pigs 26.0 20.4 13.6 14.4 11.6 12.1 17.
The Provisional Government The Provisional Government is the name given to the government that led Russia from March 1917 to November 1917. Throughout its existence, the Provisional Government met at the Tauride Palace. By July it was led by Alexander Kerensky - the man who had informed the Duma on March 11th that 25,000 troops were on the way to support them.
Italy and World War One In the years that led up to World War One, Italy had sided with Germany and Austria-Hungary in the Triple Alliance. In theory, Italy should have joined in the sides of these two nations when war broke out in August 1914. She did not. Italy's experience in World War One was disastrous and ended with the insult of her 'reward' at the Versailles Settlement in 1919.
Abyssinia Abyssinia 1935 to 1936 The crisis in Abyssinia from 1935 to 1936 brought international tension nearer to Europe - it also drove Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy together for the first time. The affair once again highlighted the weakness of the League of Nations. Like Britain and France, Italy had joined in the so-called “Scramble for Africa” in the C19.
Joseph Stalin's Early Years Joseph Stalin, like Hitler, was very protective about his early years. Stalin used the might and fear of the NKVD (secret police) to ensure that no one ever questioned his past - or those who were brave enough to even hint that they might be interested were suitably warned off.
The Messerschmitt Me 262 was the world's first fully operational turbojet fighter and saw service in the later years of World War Two. The Messerschmitt Me 262 had to potential to change the course of the air war in Europe but Hitler ordered that it be used in a capacity that undermined its whole value as a fighter plane.
The Churchill Mark 1 tank first saw active service in World War Two at Dieppe in 1942. The Churchill was the fourth development in a series of infantry support tanks and despite its bloody start to combat at Dieppe, it proved to have a reliable design. In 1942, the Churchill had the heaviest armour of any British tank in service.
The March on Rome The 1922 March on Rome was to establish Mussolini and the Fascist Party he led, as the most important political party in Italy. In November 1921, the fascist parties of Italy joined forces to create the Fascist Party. It became an official political party. In its October 1922 party conference, Mussolini said: “Either the government will be given to us or will shall seize it by marching on Rome.
The Junkers Ju 88 was a highly versatile plane that saw service throughout World War Two. The Junkers 88 remained in production right through to 1945. The first specifications came in 1935 for a high-speed bomber. The planned bomber had to be able to have a top speed of 298 mph (480 km/h). The prototype Junkers 88 first flew in December 1936.
The US Marine Raiders were formed in February 1942 as the Allied war in the Far East reached a difficult phase. The Marine Raiders were meant to replicate the work done by the British Commandos and other special forces units within the Pacific theatre of war. However, the Pacific presented its own unique problems and the Marine Raiders proved most useful when fighting alongside other regular units.
1945-1950 By the summer of 1945 Europe was very different to the Europe that had existed at the start of World War Two in September 1939. The Allies (USA, Britain and France) had started to fall out with Stalin's USSR during the war itself. Stalin had wanted the Allies to start a second front in 1943 to take some of the strain off his forces on the Eastern Front.
Europe 1945 - 1950 Between 1945 and 1950, Europe was the focal point for the Cold War, and in particular, the city of Berlin with the Berlin Airlift. What went on in Berlin seemed to confirm all the fears held by the west about Communism and the rule of Joseph Stalin. By the end of the Second World War, Russia had put what was effectively a barrier around herself.
Anthony Eden was Prime Minister during the Suez Crisis of 1956. Despite US pressure not to embark on a military solution to Nasser's nationalisation of the canal, Eden believed that it was the only way ahead after Nasser refused to pull back from the canal-zone. On October 30 th 1956, Eden addressed the House of Commons: “News was received last night that Israeli forces had crossed the frontier and had penetrated deep into Egyptian territory.